عنوان مقاله [English]
Entrepreneurship ecosystems are an array of effective dimensions that create the business environment. The importance of Port Cities as one of the main economic components and its role in the country's entrepreneurship and economic development is evident. Economic development, trade and maritime transport and entrepreneurship are interlinked. Entrepreneurship ecosystems in Port Cities are a set of interconnected and interdependent components that are effective in influencing and enhancing the process of creating entrepreneurship in Port Cities with innovative look, added value, and business in the entrepreneurial activities.
The purpose of this research is to identify the effective factors in the entrepreneurship ecosystem in Iranian Port Cities. The type of exploratory research and research method used is the data-base theory. The statistical population of the Port Experts includes experts, managers and consultants working in the public, private and cooperative sectors of the ports and headquarters. The sampling method is a targeted one. The method of data collection is in the first step, documentary studies, in the second step, observation and theoretical analysis, and in the third step, a deep semi-structured interview. The data coding method was coded in two ways manually using the Atlas.Ti software; the result of this coding is 8 dimensions, 24 categories and 84 components. In order to measure the reliability of the findings, interviews were analyzed using a re-test method and the validity of the findings was verified automatically by the software cores and more reliable than the expert group. The factors affecting the ecosystem of entrepreneurship in Port Cities are: politics, markets, human capital, support, stakeholders, culture, finance, and natural capital. Paying attention to these aspects will improve the business environment and increase the share of sea transportation in port cities.