نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران
2 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران
3 استاد، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، پردیس دانشکده های فنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
4 استاد، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The large number of heterogeneous players makes difficult to determine the equilibrium point in the game theory, so firstly the players are clustered and then the game theory is used in two stages. First, the clusters compete to determine the point of equilibrium. Then the players within each cluster compete to determine the share and the payoff for each player. In this paper, the results of the game theory in the competition between 47 Airlines at the Imam Khomeini Airport are evaluated by statistical tests. The payoff functions in this model are the cost of the stand and the share of the jet way stand for each airline. The results show that the players clustering can be useful when the number of the players is high. ANOVA and the T student test in paired observations was used For the validation of the proposed algorithm.The result of P-Value = 1 were obtained by ANOVA with α = 0.05 in Minitab software. The share of jet way stand for airlines in the number of clusters 11, 12, 13, 15 and 47 (without clustering mode) did not differ significantly. Also the T student test in paired observations was performed to compare the non-clustering (k = 47) with different clustering states in the number of 11, 12, 13 and 15 clusters. Respectively P-Value results were obtained 0.930. 0.947, 0.944, 0.964. These results shown that there is no significant difference in the contribution of Airlines from the jet stand without clustering and clustering. The results of this research show how to using clustering in game theory approach on a real world case. Also considering airlines as a member of transportation modes can be useful.