نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار، دانشکده اقتصاد، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران
2 استاد، دانشکده اقتصاد، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Ecological Footprint has emerged as the world’s premier measure of humanity’s demand on nature. This accounting system tracks, on the demand side (Footprint), how much land and water area a human population uses to provide all it takes from nature. This includes the areas for producing the resource it consumes, the space for accommodating its buildings and roads, and the ecosystems for absorbing its waste emissions such as carbon dioxide. One of the most innovative methods to calculate and evaluate the effects of human behavior on the environment and surrounding geography is the method of ecological footprint that popular in recent years has been many of the communities. In this study, we have attempted that estimating the ecological footprint index for the transportation demand of the residents in the provinces of Iran. Moreover, the calculating and comprising the biological capacity and ecological footprint of transportation demand of the residents in the provinces of Iran allowed us to identify biocide provinces. The results show that the biocide areas are most central of Iran and include the provinces of Tehran, Alborz, Qazvin, Qom, Isfahan, Markazi, Zanjan, Hamadan, Ardabil, East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan. In other words, obtaining transportation demand of resident’s provinces is with the destruction of the biosphere. But the study the changing of the variables shows that provinces with high per capita production have higher crimes, so the states immolated two important aspects of sustainable urban development, the environment and social, to achieve higher production.