ارایه مدل تغییر موقعیت کانتینرخالی تحت شرایط عدم قطعیت مبتنی بر اثر ریسک ادغام

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع ، دانشگاه خواجه نصیرالدین طوسی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و مدیریت، دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و مدیریت، دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر، تهران، ایران

چکیده

افزایش نرخ رشد صنعت حمل و نقل کانتینری در دهه­های اخیر و پیش بینی ادامه روند این رشد در سالیان آتی، نشان دهنده اهمیت حمل و نقل کانتینری و نقش کلیدی کانتینرها در حمل و نقل دریایی است. با ورود کانتینر به عرصه حمل و نقل کالا، این حوزه دچار تحول عظیمی شده است. اما تا به امروز همچنان مشکل عدم توازن بین ورودی و خروجی کانتینر به بنادر پا بر جاست. این ناهماهنگی بین واردات و صادرات کالا، معضلی به نام کانتینر خالی را به وجود آورده است.دراین مقاله به بررسی مساله تغییر موقعیت کانتینر خالی در شرایط عدم قطعیت، پرداخته شده است. از رویکرد استوار سناریویی مبتنی بر اثر ریسک ادغام، به منظور مد­ل­سازی عدم­قطعیت برخی از پارامترهای مساله، تحت سناریوهای مختلف استفاده شده است.در نهایت نتایج محاسباتی حاصل نشان­دهنده عملکرد مناسب مدل پیشنهادی تحت شرایط عدم قطعیت و اهمیت استفاده از رویکرد استوار در حل مساله تغییر موقعیت کانتینر خالی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing an Empty Container Repositioning Model under Uncertainty based on Risk Pooling Effect

نویسندگان [English]

  • nasser safaie 1
  • Morteza Abbasi 2
  • Majid Abbasi 3
1 Assistant Professor, Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Malek Ashtar University, Tehran, Iran
3 Ph.D. Student, Malek Ashtar University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Increasing the growth rate of container transportation industry in recent decades and predicting the continuation of this growth over the years will highlight the importance of container transport and the key role of containers in maritime transportation. With entering container into transportation area, this area has experienced a huge change. However, the imbalance problem between the input and output containers exists in ports until now. This imbalance between import and export of goods has created a problem called Empty Container. in this paper, investigated the empty containers repositioning problem under Uncertainty. A robust scenario-based approach to risk pooling effect has been used to model the failure of some of the problem parameters under different scenarios. Finally, the computational results indicate the proper performance of the proposed model under uncertainty conditions and the importance of using a robust approach to solving the problem of empty containers repositioning under uncertain conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Empty Containers Repositioning
  • Maritime Transportation
  • Uncertainty
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