عنوان مقاله [English]
The most important operational decision related to transportation in the supply chain planning is the routing and scheduling of deliveries. Vehicle Routing and Scheduling Problem (VRSP) is a significant task in both supply chain planning and distribution optimization. A very large body of research and modeling literature has been devoted to address VRSP. But most of them concentrated on hypothetical or simplified problems and disregarded many practical aspects of such problems. On the other hand, many practical problems have been tackled by different commercial systems for this class of problems, but little has been published about them. The primary objective of ...