عنوان مقاله [English]
Transportation, which has a specific division in production economics and service systems, has a great value in a gross national product (GNP) in every country. Thus, most researchers worked on improving routes, omitting unimportant transportations, or replacing shortcut routes. For these reasons, they have developed a traveling salesman problem (TSP) and a vehicle routing problem (VRP). The classical and deterministic VRP seeks routes with the lowest cost from...