نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران جنوب، تهران، ایران
2 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران جنوب، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
For example Population increase and transportation development inside cities have been caused traffic and environmental pollutions and consequently caused many economic and social issues. City experts and managers consider using efficient transportation systems as one of the best methods to solve these problems. Since construction and setting up of a public transportation system needs spending a lot of money, selecting the best public transportation system in cities so that includes all economic, social and environmental prospective needs more precise investigation and evaluations. This paper, with recognition of important parameters which effects on selecting the transportation systems, ranks different transportation systems using TOPSIS Multi-Criteria decision making method based on transportation system experts and specialist viewpoint and offers city planners and managers a proper and comprehensive model to choose public transportation system. In this research, to rank the systems, questionnaires have been distributed between experts and specialist. The collected related data recognized criteria's have been used for ranking and prioritizing the public transportation systems in city of Tehran. By using the proposed model, "Subway System" has been selected as a best transportation system in the city of Tehran, meanwhile based of Transportation and Traffic Organization of Tehran; only 16.4 percent of daily passengers are using subway in the city of Tehran. But in recent years investments in subway significantly increased that shows planners and city managers are well aware of this topic.