یک مدل ساختاری از عوامل پنهان در انتخاب سرویس دبستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده عمران و محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکده عمران و محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

سفرهایتحصیلیدانشآموزان در مقایسه با سفرهای کاری از مطالعات کمتر توسعه یافته حمل‌ونقلی است. بیشتر مطالعات سفرهای تحصیلی به شناسایی عوامل اقتصادی- اجتماعی و محیطی موثر بر شیوه‌های سفر تحصیلی پرداخته اند. پژوهش اندکی در زمینه انتخاب وسیله سفرهای تحصیلی کودکان با تمرکز بر متغیرهای پنهان و به خصوص سرویس مدرسه مشاهده می‌شود. هدف از این مطالعه شناسایی و بررسی عوامل پنهان روانشناختی در کنار سایر متغیرهای آشکار موثر بر تمایل والدین به سرویس مدرسه در سفر تحصیلی کودکان است. داده‌های این پژوهش حاصل از پرسشگری والدین دانش‌آموزان اول تا سوم ابتدایی در سال 1393در 28 مدرسه دخترانه و پسرانه (دولتی و غیردولتی) در نواحی هفت‌گانه آموزش و پرورش شهر مشهد است. مدل‌سازی معادله‌ ساختاری   برای انتخاب شیوه‌ی سرویس مدرسه با 625 داده‌ی پرسشنامه و با استفاده از نرم افزارAMOS، نتیجه می‌دهد،نگرانی درک شده والدین نسبت به شیوه‌‌ی سرویس مدرسه در سفر تحصیلی، اثر منفی و نگرانی درک شده  والدین نسبت به شیوه‌‌ی پیاده‌روی اثر مثبت در تمایل آنان در انتخاب سرویس مدرسه دارد. شدت حادثه و احتمال تصادف درک شده از شیوه‌ها، نگرش والدین نسبت به فرهنگ، ایمنی ترافیک، صلاحیت کودک و عوامل محیطی و ترافیکی در انتخاب شیوه‌ی سرویس سفر دانش‌آموزان از سوی والدین موثر شناخته شده اند. امید است، نتایج این نوع مطالعات در برنامه‌ریزی هرچه بهتر سفرهای تحصیلی به مدیران و برنامه‌ریزان شهری یاری رساند.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Structural Equation Model of Elementary School Services Based on Latent Factors

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Jaleh 1
  • A. R. Mamdoohi 2
1 M.Sc.,Grad., Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate professor‌, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

School travelling is relatively undeveloped in transport research. More researchers hast identified the socio-economic and environmental characteristics on choice of school travel mode. The main purpose of this study is to determine the role of Psychological factors (latent variables) on school service mode. This study uses a dataset gathered in January 2015 in Mashhad, from 28 elementary schools (including public and private, boys and girls schools) and 820 questionnaires are filled out by the parents. A Structural equation model (SEM) is built by 625 records in AMOS software. SEM results shows that parents who are strongly worried about pupils while walking are more likely to choose school service for school trips. Parents who are highly worried about using school service had the negative effect on choosing school service. The Results suggest that perceived travel time, child birth order, risk perception, perception of environment, children’s competence and cultural factors are all statistically significant in children school service mode choice.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Latent variables
  • structural equation modeling
  • Elementary School Travel
  • School Service

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