مدل ترکیبی مکان‌یابی بنادر خشک و تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها در شبکه‌های حمل ترکیبی کالا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ارشد، دانشکده حمل‌ونقل، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکده فنی مهندسی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی(ره)، قزوین، ایران

3 استادیار، دانشکده حمل‌ونقل، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

انتقال محموله‌ها از شبکه جاده‌ای به شبکه ریلی موجب کاهش مصرف سوخت، آلودگی هوا و تصادفات جاده‌ای می‌گردد. احداث بنادر خشک سهم بسزایی در توسعه حمل‌ونقل ترکیبی و استفاده از مزایای هر دو سیستم ریلی و جاده‌ای دارد. در این پژوهش مدل جدیدی از مکان‌یابی هاب در ترکیب با روش تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها برای شبکه‌های حمل‌ونقل ترکیبی کالاهای کانتینری (ریلی-جاده‌ای) از نقطه نظر سیستم ریلی ارائه شده است. شاخص‌های درنظر گرفته شده در روش تحلیل پوششی داده­ها بر اساس خروجی‌های مدل مکان‌یابی هاب همچون مجموع هزینه کل سفرهای شبکه، حجم مسیرهای ریلی، کانتینر کیلومتر ریلی و طول مسیرهای ریلی تعیین گردیده‌اند. مدل پیشنهادی بر روی شبکه حمل کانتینری کالا در ایران پیاده گردید. 40 سناریو مختلف بر اساس تعداد بنادرخشک (2 تا 5) و درصد تخفیف مسیرهای ریلی (0% تا 90%) برای مکان‌یابی بنادرخشک در ایران بررسی گردید. پیاده‌سازی مدل تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها بر نتایج سناریوهای مکان‌یابی نشان داد، سناریوهای احداث دو بندرخشک و اعمال 0%، 10% و 30% تخفیف در مسیرهای ریلی، سناریوهای کارا در شبکه ایران می‌باشند. مقایسه کیفی امکانات موجود در بنادرخشک پیشنهادی در این سه سناریو برتر، نشان داد احداث دو بندرخشک در شهرستانهای سیرجان و تهران و اعمال تخفیف 10 درصد در تعرفه مسیرهای ریلی مطلوب‌ترین سناریو می‌باشد. در این سناریو کانتینر کیلومتر ریلی پیموده شده در شبکه ریلی برابر 716 میلیون TEU-KM و طول مسیرهای ریلی استفاده شده برابر 3731 کیلومتر و متشکل از سه محور بندرعباس- سیرجان­، سیرجان- تهران و تهران- بندرماهشهر خواهد بود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Dry Port Location Problem in Multimodal Transportation Networks and Data Envelopment Analysis: An Integrated Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • S.S. Mohri 1
  • A. A. Rassafi 2
  • H. Haghshenas 3
1 M.Sc., Grad., In Transportation planning, Isfahan University of technology, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate professor, Faculty of Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
3 Assistant professor, Dept. Of Transportation planning, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Transferring of containers from road to rail network leads to some advantages such
as: reducing fuel consumption, air pollution and road accidents. Construction of Dry Ports has a significant role in the development of multimodal transportation and use rail and road system advantages. In this paper a new Hub Location problem (HLP) in combination with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is presented from standpoint of rail system on a rail-road multimodal network. The indices that are considered in DEA, are provided from HLP outputs including rail routes ' volume, rail container kilometer and rail routes ' length. The proposed model was implemented on Iran container network and 40 different scenarios based on the number of dry ports (2 to 5) and percent discounts on rail routes (0% to 90%) were evaluated. The results showed constructing two dry ports with considering 0%, 10% and 30% discount on rail routes are as efficient scenarios. Comparison of proposed locations' facilities demonstrated constructing two dry ports in Tehran and Sirjan and applying 10% percent discounts on rail routes is the optimal scenario. In this scenario the rail routes ' volume, rail container kilometer and rail routes ' length were equal to 780 thousands TEU, 716 million TEU-KM and 3731 KM respectively.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dry Ports
  • Hub Location Problem
  • DEA
  • Container transportation

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