عنوان مقاله [English]
Pedestrian errors are found in 59% of the vehicle to-pedestrian accidents. The traffic crash statistics show the importance of understanding factors of pedestrians’ error. Pedestrians’ red-light violation is a type of highly dangerous behavior occurring at intersections. A total of 1130 pedestrians approaching the intersections during red light periods were obtained from careful review of the videotapes in 6 intersections at Tehran, Iran. A logit model is developed to identify the probability and effect of various covariates for pedestrians’ immediate crossing behavior. The estimated parameters of the logit model in predicting the immediate crossing behavior were determined, and the significant parameters were identified. The results indicate that the immediate crossing was significantly affected by Survey location (South, center or north of the city), Gender, Crosswalk length, temperature range, traffic volume and the number of other pedestrians who are waiting for the green light and who are crossing against red light when the pedestrian arrives at the intersection, but Influence of Survey time (Peak or Off-peak) and age are not significant.
کرمانشاه، م.، و درزی، ع. (1384)، "تمایل به پرداخت رانندگان برای اطلاعات سفر"، پایان نامه کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه صنعتی شریف (n.d.)
-"معاونت حمل و نقل و ترافیک شهرداری تهران" (2017)، صفحه اصلی.(n.d.). Retrieved December 31,
-A Review of Pedestrian Safety Research in the United States and Abroad, (2004).
-Brosseau, M., Zangenehpour, S., Saunier, N., & Miranda-Moreno, L. (2013), "The impact of waiting time and other factors on dangerous pedestrian crossings and violations at signalized intersections: A case study in Montreal". Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour,
-Econometrics Academy. (n.d.). Retrieved December 26, (2017), from https://sites.google.com/site/econometricsacademy/Guo, H., Gao, Z., Yang, X., & Jiang, X. (2011), "Modeling pedestrian violation behavior at signalized crosswalks in China: A hazards-based duration approach". Traffic Injury Prevention, 12(1), pp.96–103.
-Pedestrian Safety | NHTSA. (n.d.). Retrieved January 4, (2018), "from https://www.nhtsa.gov/road-safety/pedestrian-safety Pedestrian Safety, A Road Safety Manual For Decision-Makaers And Parctitioners,World Health Organization,2013. (n.d.).
-Tiwari, G., Bangdiwala, S., Saraswat, A., & Gaurav, S. (2007). Survival analysis: Pedestrian risk exposure at signalized intersections. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 10(2), pp.77–89.
-W. H. Organization, Global status report on road safety. World Health Organization. (2015),
-Yang, X., Abdel-Aty, M., Huan, M., Peng, Y., & Gao, Z. (2015). An accelerated failure time model for investigating pedestrian crossing behavior and waiting times at signalized intersections. Accident; Analysis and Prevention, 82, 154–62.
-Zhang, Z., Wang, D., Liu, T., & Liu, Y. (2016), "Waiting Endurance Time of Pedestrians Crossing at Signalized Intersections in Beijing". Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, (2581), pp. 95–103. http://doi.org/10.3141/2581-12