عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting the increase in demand in the rail and road system. For analyzing the data, panel data econometric models were used in this study using Eviews software. The research domain includes the province of Semnan in the rail and road transport axes, and the time domain of research based on the passenger displaced annually includes related variables from 90-94 years. In the rail transport network, all factors have a significant effect on passenger traffic, but the effect of employment rates is higher than other factors. Also, the results of the research show that in the road transport network, all factors have a significant effect on the movement of passengers, but the effect of population size is higher than other factors. according to the results, it is recommended to pay more attention to the structure of rail passenger transport companies Because these companies are mostly semi-public and monopolies that are already paying for fuel and the like, they create a safe margin for these companies. And in the long run, monopoly profits, employment efficiency. In order to improve the passenger transportation conditions, considering the fare price, it is suggested that the country's road network, taking into account subsidies and providing special services to owners of heavy passenger cars, take the action of fares and the rail network also extends from the scope. A wider range of train types with varying degrees of quality with Considering the economic conditions of the social strata Exploit.