عنوان مقاله [English]
The major cause of mortality in many of our country's cities is accidents involving heavy goods containing hazardous goods. These accidents cause a lot of social and economic costs. Safety of cargo vehicles is a multifaceted subject, and, in contrast to conventional road transport, is influenced by three categories of people, automobiles and the environment (such as roads and climates), it is significantly different from industrial needs, management policies, constraints and regulatory requirements, and regulatory actions Accepts. In most cities, passenger buses, corporate buses, and heavy goods vehicles containing dangerous goods (including trucks, trucks, trucks, tankers, trailers and trucks) are two groups of heavy goods vehicles containing hazardous goods in road and inland transportation. Despite their small share of the total number of vehicles on the roadways of the outskirts and inland roads, unfortunately, many of the injured, as well as the deceased, are related to crashes on one side, the two groups of heavy equipment containing dangerous goods (including Guilty or not. In general, in order to achieve safety at the time of cargo transportation, the characteristics and reasons for the crash of heavy goods containing dangerous goods must be identified and then measures to improve the safety of the equipment should be announced in order to determine, based on the findings, the best safety measures. In this regard, in the present study, due to the importance of the subject and the attempt to increase the accuracy of the study, questionnaires were designed and asked drivers of hazardous goods to complete the questionnaire. Finally, 319 completed questionnaires were obtained that were based on the calculations. After conducting interviews and interviewing drivers of hazardous goods, the problem was identified as social factors (such as age, education, and others with a weight of 0.412), priority (1), psychological factors (such as attitude, legality, aggressive driving, driving Defensive with a weight of 0.331. The second priority is legislative and regulatory compliance (with a weight of 0.302), a third priority, a general education (with a weight of 0.275), a fourth priority and economic factors (such as income, wealth, and other assets) became the fifth priority.