عنوان مقاله [English]
Diversity of housing is one of the key elements of contemporary urban planning that due to its social, economic and environmental benefits, it is welcomed and emphasized by modern urban sustainable development models (such as the urbanization movement and smart urban growth) is located. However, in the urban planning system of Iran, this principle has not received much attention, and such a decline has not only reduced the level of urban viability but has also contributed to their instability on a larger scale. Since the dimensions of this issue have not been properly identified in the urban planning studies of Iran so this article aims to investigate and deepen the concept of urban housing on the one hand and to identify its effects on the selection of urban trips according to the neighborhood sample. The Qom Foundation has been written. The research method used in this study is descriptive - analytical and the required information was collected through field surveys, questionnaires, and so on. The results of this study show that low level of housing diversity in Bonyad neighborhood caused 44% of residents to move by personal car, 33.6% by walking, 13.8% by riding and 7.2% by car. Public transportation and 1.7% of other modes are shifting, in other words, these have increased residents' out-of-town trips, transportation costs and energy consumption, and in short, the livelihoods and sustainability of these areas have increased. Such an issue is strongly overshadowed, which suggests that the main precondition for creating sustainable housing environments is to diversify housing construction patterns.