ارزیابی تأثیر انعطاف‌پذیری مدیریت منابع انسانی بر عملکرد عملیاتی در حمل‌ونقل دریایی (مورد مطالعه: سازمان بنادر و دریانوردی خرمشهر)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده حمل‌و‌نقل دریایی، دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی خرمشهر، خرمشهر، ایران

3 استادیار، دانشکده حمل‌ونقل دریایی، دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی خرمشهر، خرمشهر، ایران‌

4 مربی، دانشکده حمل‌ونقل دریایی، دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی خرمشهر، خرمشهر، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه بررسی رابطه‌ی انعطاف­پذیری مدیریت منابع انسانی با عملکرد عملیاتی در صنعت حمل‌ونقل دریایی و به‌طور خاص در بندر خرمشهر می‌باشد. در این میان‌بر نقش قابلیت یادگیری و نوآوری تأکید شده است. این پژوهش ازنظر ماهیت کاربردی و ازنظر روش تحقیق، توصیفی و علی است. بر اساس مدل طراحی‌شده بر پایه مبانی نظری پژوهش، پرسشنامه‌ای به‌منظور جمع‌آوری داده‌ها طراحی گردید که روایی، ابعاد و گویه‌های پرسشنامه توسط اساتید راهنما مورد تأیید و همچنین پایایی، با استفاده از آزمون کرونباخ مورد تأیید قرار گرفتند. در این مطالعه 150 نفر از کارکنان سازمان بنادر و دریانوردی خرمشهر موردبررسی قرار گرفتند. به‌منظور تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از دو نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخه 22 و LISREL از نسخه 8.51 بهره گرفته‌شده است. نتایج بدست آمده از آزمون‌های معادلات ساختاری نشان داد که تمام فرضیه‌ها مورد تأیید است. انعطاف‌پذیری منابع انسانی، تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر قابلیت یادگیری سازمانی، نوآوری و درنهایت بر عملکرد عملیاتی در حمل‌ونقل دریایی دارد. همچنین با توجه به مقدار ضریب مسیر فرضیه‌های اصلی پژوهش، قابلیت یادگیری سازمانی با مقدار ضریب مسیر 0.61 بیشترین تأثیر را نسبت به عملکرد عملیاتی حمل‌ونقل دریایی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Impact of Human Resource Management Flexibility on Operational Performance in Marine Transport (Case Study: Khorramshahr Ports and Marine Organization)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Ghezelbash 1
  • Hamed Shafiabadi 2
  • Homayoun Yousefi 3
  • Mojtaba Abasspor 4
1 M.Sc., Grad., Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 M.Sc., Grad., Khoramshahr Marine Science and Technology University, Khuzestan Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Marine Science and Technology University of Khorramshahr, Khuzestan, Iran.
4 Instructor, Marine Science and Technology University of Khorramshahr, Khuzestan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between human resource management flexibility and operational performance in the maritime transport industry, and in particular in Khorramshahr port. Meanwhile, the role of learning and innovation is emphasized. This research is descriptive and causal in terms of applied and research method. A questionnaire was designed based on a model based on theoretical fundamentals of the research. The validity, dimensions and items of the questionnaire were confirmed by the supervised professors and also by reliability, using Cronbach's test. In this study 150 employees of Khorramshahr Seafarers' Organization were surveyed. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22 and LISREL software version 8.51. The results obtained from structural equation tests showed that all hypotheses were approved. The flexibility of human resources has a positive and significant effect on organizational learning capability, innovation, and ultimately on operational performance in marine transport. Considering the amount of path coefficient of main hypotheses, organizational learning capability with the coefficient of path 0.61 has the most effect on the operational performance of marine transport.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Human Resource Management Flexibility
  • Operational Performance
  • Organizational Learning Capability
  • Innovation
  • Maritime Transportation
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