عنوان مقاله [English]
The low level of safety of transportation causes expanding social and economic consequences. It's also an obstacle to sustainable development. The pedestrian safety is one of the most important issues in the safety of transportation. Non-signalized intersections are one of the places in which there is too much risk for pedestrians because there are rarely any control equipment for pedestrians and vehicles movements. Therefore many conflicts between these two parties occur at such a place. Many effective variables on the intensity of conflicts have been identified, but many of them have been analyzed in signalized intersections and special types of movements like left-turn or right-turn. In this research, the effects of the type of movements (left-turn, right-turn or straight) on pedestrian safety at non-signalized intersections are analyzed using surrogate safety measures. The data have been obtained, using the image processing method. The effects of types of movement on Time to Collision (TTC), Gap Time (GT) and the Post Encroachment Time (PET) have been analyzed by one way ANOVA. The intersection is called Vesal Shirazi-Bozorgmeg Street. Finally, after analysis, it was realized that the type of vehicle movement is significant in only PET in the 95 percent of reliability. The significant difference exists between straight and right-turn movements. This difference was around 0.08 for the logarithm of PET. This measure was smaller in straight movements in comparison with right-turn movements because the speed of vehicles which move straight was more than right-turn ones and there was an indirect relation between the vehicle speed and PET.