عنوان مقاله [English]
The government as a major force has always been in competition and has had a positive and even negative impact on its competitiveness by intervening in various political, economic and social affairs and applying laws and regulations on competitiveness. Building and supporting a suitable environment for increasing the growth of firm productivity and guiding industry trends and encouraging policies rather than helping industrial units help the necessary conditions to enhance the competitive advantage through the impact on each dimension of diamonds is the duty of the state. Unpredictable events are events and issues that affect the competitiveness of either positive or negative, but are randomly controlled outside firms, industries, and even governments. Michael Porter believes that luck in most markets is important. These cases create opportunities for those innovative companies who are not afraid of starting new activities. The type of research, development and in terms of exploratory-descriptive purpose, qualitative research data, the field of field research, the time period of the cross-sectional research, the method of data collection is a survey type. The overall results of the research show that the government and luck components of the National Diamond Model of Michael Porter in the Ports and Ferries of Bushehr, from the perspective of the respondents of the statistical society, had the second and second priorities after the productive and service inputs, which highlighted the importance of these factors in Achieving competitive advantage for this port. Also, regarding the maintenance and development of competitive advantage, in the interview section, the main focus of the interviewees was on the operation and management of these two factors.